Home » Satellite Instruments » EO-1 Hyperion
EO-1 Hyperion
Archival data can be browsed and quicklooks viewed on the USGS EROS Data Center web site using Earth Explorer and ordered from USGS at no cost. http://edcsns17.cr.usgs.gov/EarthExplorer/
Tasking requests are submitted through the USGS at no cost. http://eo1.usgs.gov/DARInstructions.php
Satellite Instruments
Hyperion, the first successful operational hyperspectral sensor, was launched in November 2000 on the NASA EO-1 satellite. EO-1 was the first mission in NASA's New Millenium Program, had a one year design life, and focused on validation of new technologies. Instruments have performed almost flawlessly, and the mission operations funding has been extended through 2011. Hyperion's system fore-optics include a single telescope which provides for two separate grating image spectrometers to improve signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Data are collected in 242 contiguous (ave) 10nm bands using a focal plane array with separate VNIR and cryocooled SWIR detectors. 198 bands are calibrated due to spectral overlap of the VNIR and SWIR and low response of bands at short wavelengths. Radiometrically and terrain corrected operational products are available as 16-bit radiance data. The fine spectral resolution of the Hyperion instrument has provided opportunities for a wide range of applications in land cover mapping, including minerals exploration, forestry inventory and stress monitoring, crop discrimination and monitoring, wetlands, soils characterization, and arid land applications. The narrow spectral bands also provide capability for spectral unmixing for sub-pixel mapping and greatly improved atmospheric correction of scenes. It is considered as a prototype for future spaceborne hyperspectral missions and is being utilized both operationally and as a testbed for future missions.
Joseph Young
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland 20771
Measurment TypeVisible/IR-imager
Platform TypeEO1
OrbitSun synchronous
Spectral CoverageHyperspectral
Scan PatternPush broom
VariablesHigh resolution land surface mapping
Altitude705 x 685
Repeat TimeFive times every 16 days: Once for nadir and four times for non-nadir
Wavelength427 to 2395nm
Number of Bands198 (calibrated)
Start DateNov 2000
Temporal CoverageSatellite is being maneuvered to maintain the descending node MLT very near 10:00 am. It is no longer in formation with Landsat 7 as of October 2006.
Swath Width7.7
Resolution 130m
http://eo1.usgs.gov Ungar, S.G.; Pearlman, J.S.; Mendenhall, J.A.; Reuter, D.; IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.,41(6), June 2003 1149 - 1159
7 Oct 2009 14:42