Instrument Flying On Aqua Satellite.
Level 2 and Level 3 data are available for download from the Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC) via links provided at the URL . Documentation is available for download at the URL . By registering as an AIRS Data User at the URL one will receive announcements of discovered features and caveats which are directly applicable to specific areas of research. See the GES DISC web site and the AIRS Project web site for more details.
The Data Holdings page of the Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center web site permits a user to select data and/or products and obtain them in a variety of ways. See the web site for more details.
Satellite Instruments
AIRS (Atmospheric Infrared Sounder) is one of six instruments on board the Aqua satellite, part of NASA's Earth Observing System. AIRS provides observations of radiance in 2378 spectral bands in the visible and infrared. Spatial resolution of the data is 2.3 km for visible and near IR, and 13.5 km for IR. The AIRS/AMSU/HSB suite of instruments constitutes an innovative atmospheric sounding system of infrared, microwave and visible sensors. The infrared radiance data product is stable to 10 mK/yr and accurate to better than 250 mK. This product is the most accurate and stable set of hyperspectral infrared radiance spectra measurements made in space to date, and its meets the criteria identified by the National Research Council for climate data records. The geophysical products provide daily global temperature profiles at an accuracy of 1 K per 1 km thick layer in the troposphere and moisture profiles at an accuracy of 20% per 2 km thick layer in the lower troposphere (20% 60% in the upper troposphere). With the Version 5 release the Level-2 and Level-3 products also include the burden and profiles of the minor gases: O3, CO and CH4 as well as the mole fraction mid-tropospheric CO2. AIRS was conceived and built by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and a rich collection of information is available at the mission web site -
Angela Smythe
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
4800 Oak Grove Drive Pasadena, California 91109
Measurment TypeVisible/IR-sounder
Platform TypeAqua
OrbitSun synchronous
Spectral CoverageIR
Scan PatternCross track
Variablesatmospheric water vapor and temperature profiles, CO2, SST
Repeat Time
Wavelength0.41 to 3.9169um
Number of Bands2378
Start DateMay 2002
Temporal CoverageLaunch date May 4, 2002
Swath Width1650
Resolution 12.3km
Resolution 213.5km
Hundreds of refereed publications and many more conference proceedings describe studies utilizing AIRS data and products. An excellent recent overview is provided by: AIRS: Improving Weather Forecasting and Providing New Data on Greenhouse Gases Moustafa T. Chahine, Thomas S. Pagano, Hartmut H. Aumann, Robert Atlas, Christopher Barnet, John Blaisdell, Luke Chen, Murty Divakarla, Eric J. Fetzer, Mitch Goldberg, Catherine Gautier, Stephanie Granger, Scott Hannon, Fredrick W. Irion, Ramesh Kakar, Eugenia Kalnay, Bjorn H. Lambrigtsen, Sung-Yung Lee, John Le Marshall, W. Wallace McMillan, Larry McMillin, Edward T. Olsen, Henry Revercomb, Philip Rosenkranz, William L. Smith, David Staelin, L. Larrabee Strow, Joel Susskind, David Tobin, Walter Wolf, and Lihang Zhou. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Volume 87, Issue 7 (July 2006) pp. 911–926. DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-87-7-911
17 Mar 2010 11:30